Wednesday, November 28, 2007

Mobile Fiberglass Cart

Got around to making a mobile fiberglass cart today.  I decided to make it on wheels so that I could roll it around to the end of the Strong Back, making it easier to lay down a long length of fiberlass.  Or, I can roll it down the side of the float for cutting smaller sections of fiberglass.  Materials used were 3/4 inch plywood, scrap MDF boards from my form frames, 2x6's, and 2x4's.  Everything is screwed and glued, with construction adhesive holding the 2x6's onto the base.  I decided to use closet rods to hang the fiberglass rolls, but the full rolls (weighing 110 pounds) sag a little in the middle.  I suggested to Andrew that he try using the smaller diameter posts that are used for building a chain-link fence instead.

Monday, November 19, 2007

Keel Foam

Finished laying down the foam strips and attached the keel foam today.

I cut a four foot section of foam and clamped that to the keel batten.  Then I took a Japanese-style pull saw (with a thin, flexible blade), and using the keel foam as a guide, cut the proper angle on the foam planks. 

After all the planks were cut, I slipped in the keel foam so that it was flush with the top of the keel batten.  The foam was about 2 inches high, and I cut back where the form frames interfered on the bottom using a Stanley Surform pocket plane.  By the way, you can replace the Surform blade with a Micoplane blade for better/faster results.  I finished up by screwing the foam keel in from the back side of the keel batten.

Friday, November 16, 2007

Laying Down First Foam

Layed down the first set of foam strips today!  I decided to experiment with the width and started off with about a 15" wide piece.  This seemed a little too wide for the middle section.  I finally decided that around 10" worked good. Here's what seemed to work so far:

1) Install deck flange mold plate.  Double-check that it is straight.
2) Install battens every 2-4 inches.
3) Run packaging tape along lengt
h of battens.
4) Install the keel foam after installing all foam strips.
5) Start around form frame six.
6) Measure distance from deck flange mold plate to keel batten.  Using a (metric) flat back tape measure works good for this.
7) Mark this distance on half-sheet (4'x4').  Cut off piece using table saw.
8) Divide and cut remaining sheet equally so you have 8-10" strips.  I get five at 9.5 inches.
9) Cut extra piece (see #7) in half.  I get two at 8-9 inches wide.  Eventually, I cut six of these in half to use on last four feet of stern.  Very little wastage this way.
10) Temporarily lay down strip near frame 6.  Make sure that length is just short of keel batten.
11) Mark placement of foam and pre-drill holes from top of battens about one inch from sides.  With a 10" wide plank, I found two screws per batten usually worked fine.
12) Screws - I am using 1" panhead scre
ws from Tacoma Screw, here in Seattle.  #8 x 1"  ZINC RWH PHIL STEEL K-LATH NEEDLE POINT 075-K14-1 for those that are interested.
13) I made up some clamping "bars" using 3/4 inch plywood (experimental version below).  They are 2x20 with a 2x3 3/8" plywood piece glued to one end.  Slide to one edge of the new plank and then clamp down just on the other side, as shown below. This works well if you are planking by yourself.

12) Clamp down foam using three plywood bars and quick clamps.  One bar near the deck flange mold plate, and two bars on the curved part closer to the keel.
13) Starting at the deck flange mold plate, attach screws through the battens into the foam from underneath.  I found kneeling/laying on a foam sleeping pad worked well.  If bar clamp is not on a specific batten, make sure you are pressing down on the top of the foam with your hand.  This seats the foam properly and makes sure the screws are in as far as possible.  Using two drills works fastest.  I set up my large cordless with the drill bit, and used my pocket drill to drive in the screws.  Having the smaller drill/driver (Bosch PS20-2) is really nice while working underneath the battens.
14) Thermoforming will help in the curved areas.  I used a digital heat gun with multiple fan/heat settings and set that up underneath the keel area battens with the heat directed upwards.  This works fine as long as you don't get the foam too hot (no scorching), and you don't leave it in one area for too long.

Andrew and I came up with this solution for the bow battens.

Wednesday, November 14, 2007


Decided to try using MDF as battens.  I ripped a bunch of 12 foot 1x6's into 1" strips and put them down every 3-4 inches.  I think they came together pretty nicely in the stern.  The bow gave me a little trouble, but I think I came up with a good solution.

Friday, November 9, 2007

Deck Flange Mold Plate

Plans call for a 4" high deck flange mold plate to be attached on the deck side of the float frames.  This creates an area for the fiberglass to run up onto for a couple inches and is designed to form a 2" flange for the float deck to sit on.    I used 3/8" plywood that was kerfed every four feet or so.  Packaging tape provides a releasable surface that the fiberglass will not stick to.

Wednesday, November 7, 2007

Attaching Form Frames

Attached the form frames to the Strong Back using the center string and a level to keep everything straight and plumb.  Andrew told me about a special screw designed specifically for MDF (from Spax), which I found at Home Depot.  Works much better than regular screws.

The frames are temporarily held in place using scrap wood until I can attach the battens.

Tuesday, November 6, 2007

Foam Arrives

The foam and fiberglass arrived from Noah's Marine.  It took about a week to get here, which isn't too bad considering it came across most of the country.  Grand total was 875 pounds for the materials, including Andrew's half.

Also finished putting the spreader cleats onto the Strong Back at the appropriate spots.  The center string (see below) is used to align the form frames.  Adam is helping me with the drill/driver.

Friday, November 2, 2007

Building Strong Back

Put together the Strong Back using 2x6's and 2x4's.  Andrew let me borrow his rotating laser level and I used my speed square to level out the entire length of the 2x6's.  Everything was screwed and glued, including attaching the supports to the concrete floor using construction adhesive.  This makes sure that the Strong Back does not move for the duration of the build.  The same framework will support the construction of the outer floats and the main hull.

Thursday, October 25, 2007

Ordered Foam and Fiberglass

Ordered up some foam and fiberglass from Noah's Marine in Toronto.  My brother Andrew and I are both building F-22's at the same time, so we split an order of A400, A500, and A1200 foam.  We also picked up enough 12oz biaxial and double bias fiberglass and 18oz biaxial to finish the boats.  The carbon fiber and G10 tubing we need will be coming directly from Farrier Marine.

Wednesday, October 24, 2007

Traced & Cut Float Patterns

Traced out the full-size float patterns that Ian provides onto the 3/4 inch MDF boards using carbon paper underneath.  Then I used my circular saw and guide to cut the straight parts of the float frames and a jigsaw to cut the rounded parts.  If you have the use of a table saw outside (with MDF), this would make it easier and quicker to cut the straight parts, as they are the same on each float frame.

Tuesday, October 23, 2007

Cutting Form Frames

Cut all eleven form frames to final size of 22"x39".  I would normally do this with my table saw, but it was buried in the garage and this MDF is nasty stuff to cut inside.  Always try and wear a mask when cutting this material.  Although not the fastest method, I ended up using my circular saw with a guide.  Luckily I have a covered patio right outside the back door of my garage, which is perfect for dusty projects.  By the way, it's not normally this warm at the end of October in Seattle!

Friday, September 14, 2007

Picked up Form Frame and Strong Back Materials

Decided on 3/4 inch MDF for my form frames and 2x6 and 2x4 for the Strong Back.  Picked up at Dunn Lumber.  These MDF sheets are really heavy, so I had Dunn cut them into quarter sheets at 24"x48".  Ian recommends a height of 22" for the form frames, but for taller builders, keeping them around 24" isn't a bad idea.

Monday, July 30, 2007

Ordered Plans

Ordered up the F-22 plans from Ian Farrier in New Zealand.  I am Sail #58.
Basic Dimensions:
L.O.A.................................22' 10"
B.O.A.................................18' 1"
Folded beam.......................8' 2 1/2"
App. bare weight.................1300 - 1500lbs
Float Displacement.............3056lbs
Sail area (main & jib)..........294sq.ft
Mast Height........................31'
Draft (board up)..................12"
Draft (board down)..............4' 11"
Interior Headroom...............5'2"
Main cabin width.................7' 3"
Height on trailer..................8'9"

As you can see from the above dimensions, the F-22 is a trailerable trimaran.  It is designed to be built diagonally in a double garage, which means I can work on it at my leisure without having to travel to an outside workshop.  Further information can be obtained at the Farrier Marine website (see links).